Warburton Adventists
Since 1906

Signs Publishing Company - Articles

Long-term future for 'SIGNS' secured

July 2009

The long term future for the Warburton campus of Adventist Media Network (AMN), also known as ‘Signs Publishing Co', has been made secure.

At its 1st of July meetings, the governing AMN Committee voted to publish additional books, and purchase a new, state-of-the-art printing press and finishing equipment all based in Warburton, Victoria.

The renewed focus on publishing, with Nathan Brown being appointed full time ‘Signs Book Editor', will see an increase in the number of books being published, printed and distributed to existing, as well as new markets.


AMN is the Seventh-day Adventist Church's communication entity in the South Pacific. In July 2006, Adventist Media, the Communication Department (both in Wahroonga, NSW), and the Signs Publishing Company (Warburton, Victoria) amalgamated into a single entity. Since that time, all communication, media ministries, creative services, digital media (including web), and audio & video production have functioned in Wahroonga. And accounting, finance, sales of DVDs and CDs, and the distribution of evangelistic resources, were relocated in Warburton.

But the losses caused by the ageing press and equipment, in addition to tough financial times, meant there could be no further delay to the ongoing restructure work begun 3 years previously.

So the AMN Committee, together with senior management, commissioned an external consultant, full time, for 10 weeks during March, April and June. His task was to research industry benchmarks, establish key performance indicators, and ensure a consultative process with all staff was applied during the review.

The AMN Committee adopted most recommendations on 1st of July, including the purchase of the multi-million dollar printing equipment, to be based in Warburton.


At the same time, five positions at the Warburton campus, have been made redundant. Appropriate redundancy packages have been provided, along with all entitlements, and the offer of counselling and career support.

If no change had been made, the Warburton campus would have continued to make significant financial losses. But with the renewed investment in publishing and printing, it is anticipated Warburton will operate at leading industry bench marks.


By the commencement of 2010, the 'Signs' and 'RECORD' magazines will be published in Wahroonga, and printed in, and distributed from, Warburton.

The 'RECORD' brand will be expanded to include broadcast and web, as well as print, delivering news and editorial to inform, educate and nurture Adventists across the South Pacific.

The print form of 'RECORD' will be published in colour, and further study will be given to distributing 'RECORD' to more church members, including those living in urban areas in developing countries in the South Pacific.

The number of print editions of ‘RECORD' will be reviewed to work more strategically with local conference newsletters as well as ‘ADVENTIST WORLD', the web and broadcast editions.

The publishing of EDGE Magazine will also be reviewed, with the intention of seeking funding from alternative sources, and/or finding alternative methods for publishing articles and news for young people in Australia and New Zealand.-David Gibbons

Signs reconnects with a piece of its history

August 2006

Checking the press: (left to right) Signs manager Glen Reed, South Pacific Division president Pastor Laurie Evans, director of publishing ministries Pastor Terry Goltz and chief executive officer of the Adventist Media Network Dr Allen Steele.

A hand-operated press, believed to be the first used in the publishing work of the Adventist Church in the South Pacific, has recently been repurchased by the Signs Publishing Company. "We are 99 per cent certain this was the original press purchased by literature evangelist William Arnold in early 1886, beginning what became Echo Publishing and then Signs Publishing Company," reports Pastor Terry Goltz, director of publishing ministries for the South Pacific Division (SPD). "We need to be reminded of our heritage," adds SPD president Pastor Laurie Evans, "and this takes us back to the roots of our publishing work, which has brought such a rich benefit to the work of the church in the South Pacific." The old press was on display at Signs on August 8 for the inaugural meeting of the committee overseeing the newly formed Adventist Media Network, integrating the SPD Communication Department, Adventist Media and Signs Publishing Company. The meeting focused on strategic planning for the new entity.-Nathan Brown


by R. E. PENGILLEY, Manager, Signs Publishing Company, Warburton, Victoria


ONE OF THE MOST pleasant problems management can have is pressure from an expanding business. Then comes the realisation that there is insufficient capacity to handle everyday demands. That was our problem, and storage area was something that we just had to create.

Accordingly, the Board of Management last year voted to accept a tender for an extension to the building. This gave us an increase of floor space of approximately 21,000 square feet, costing approximately $625,000.

Never before in our history have we been committed to such an expensive outlay, even though we have had two additions to the original building as constructed in 1937. Indeed, the present construction cost more than the original building by many hundreds of thousands of dollars.

Simultaneously, we put through the entire plant a sprinkler and fire-alarm system to lessen the risk of the destruction of plant and stock by fire. This cost the Company another $72,500.

Finally, just about the time the major building extensions were completed, we gave the foyer a much-needed face-lift. The entrance area is now carpeted, well lit and is aesthetically pleasing, with a book display and sales area which will be open regularly during specified hours.

God's Leading

We are grateful to God for His sustained blessing upon our work here in Warburton. The literature evangelists of the Australasian Division are selling more books today than ever before: our magazine ministry is reaching into homes throughout and even beyond the Division; stocks of imported books for sale through Adventist Book Centres have never been larger, nor have they ever moved so fast. All this is evidence of God's hand over His work. Increased stock, larger and more efficient machinery installations and larger shipments to our Adventist Book Centres made necessary this increase in the Company's storage area.

Not all of the new area is taken up for storage. We now have an attractive staff dining-room where our workers can have their midday meals, especially on days when the weather is inclement. Also housed in the new section is our auxiliary diesel power-plant.

For a little while, we shall have plenty of space, a luxury we have not been able to boast of for many a year. But looking to the future, we believe there will be increasing demands made on the Company by Adventist Book Centres, literature evangelists and others, and each succeeding year will absorb more and more of any unused floor-space.

The Signs Publishing Company's Warburton plant is now well housed, operating efficiently and stands ready to serve the whole Division. We thank God for this new evidence of progress.

Signs Publishing Company, Limited Manager's Report for the Quadrennial period, 1915-1918

Australasian Record, 21/10/1918

Looing forward to this period the prospect was forbidding indeed, but God has been "better than our fearing," and has safely guided His work past many dangerous places, and has given good success considering the unusually strenuous conditions caused by the great war.

Scarcity of Materials Paper stocks have been increasingly scarce, as shipping facilities have decreased, and naturally prices have advanced enormously. Paper formerly costing a little under 2d. per pound is now listed at 1s. per pound, and strawboard formerly costing £8 10s. per ton has recently been purchased for £55 per ton. Up to the present, however, we have been able to secure sufficient, paper for our requirements at an average price of little under 7d. per pound. Lots coming forward now will cost us up to 9d. or 91/2d. This means that paper, for instance, for the Signs of the Times which cost formerly about £300 per year would now cost £1,000, and at the 9d. per pound rate, about £1,300 if the same weight were maintained. We have recently experienced great difficulty in persuading the mills to accept our orders, but we now have good reason to believe that we shall soon have in our warehouse sufficient stock to last us for another three years, although a large quantity of this will be at the 9d. per pound rate, or possibly over. For this we are indeed grateful, however, as even our American houses are experiencing difficulty in obtaining stock at any price. All other materials without exception are much higher in price than formerly, and are becoming more difficult to obtain as the war is prolonged. We have, however, been able to safeguard the company in these matters, and are well supplied with almost the essentials.

Increase in Wages In consequence of new wages board decisions and the increased cost of living, we have been compelled to increase the wages of our employees by about twenty per cent during the war period. If our staff had remained as large as formerly this would have meant an increase of about £1,000 per year to our pay roll, and therefore a very small profit, if any, on our past year's work. But our staff has been so reduced as to make our pay roll about the same as before the war. It is indeed gratifying' to know that our employees have risen to the occasion, and have enabled us to meet all the increased requirements of the field without delay, and have given us even a larger turnover than we bad with the full staff. Had it not been for this faithfulness on the part of our loyal workers, the present low prices of literature could not have been maintained.

Prices of Publications Naturally some of the retail prices of our various publications have been increased, as in many instances the increased value of the material used in 'a book was more than the profit received. But considering conditions the increases have been slight. We have earnestly endeavoured to publish the great truths of the third angel's message most economically, so that they can be offered to the people at the lowest possible prices. It is interesting to note that, whereas American retail prices of subscription books have been increased twenty-nine per cent, our prices have only advanced thirteen per cent, although, being thousands of miles away from the paper mills, we are compelled to add to the American cost price enormous freight, insurance, and exchange advances. The subscription price for the Signs of the Times was advanced 6d. per year. This is also smaller than the American advance for similar papers. We are still supplying forty-eight-page magazines at 6d, per copy, which is far below the American price, although their editions are naturally much larger than ours. Roughly speaking, the American advance on periodicals and magazines has been about thirty per cent as compared with our fifteen per cent increases. We trust that our workers everywhere will appreciate the strenuous efforts we are making to protect our literature prices. The lists we are constantly receiving from other publishers show advances in price up to one hundred per cent.

Shipping Difficulties While more or less inconvenience has been experienced with almost all shipments, between here and New Zealand and other overseas ports such as Calcutta, Cape Town, and Durban, we are compelled to face most serious and perplexing delays. Cases for some of these places have now been waiting for almost three months. It has been necessary for us to place reserve stocks in New Zealand, and it is indeed well that we did so when shipping was more plentiful. It may be necessary for us to adopt this plan more generally.

Total Sales

The total number of large books sold in this field since the work commenced in July, 1885, is now 452,593. As will be noticed, the sales of our small books have more than doubled, and the last year's record has exceeded anything in the past. We look for great things from this line of work. Our American houses, have recently sold about one and three-quarter millions, of our small books, and the demand is constantly increasing. If we could organize this work as our subscription book work is organized, we believe mighty things could be accomplished. It is interesting to note that small literature, such as helps, trade books, tracts, and periodicals, constitute about one-third of the total American sale, while in this field the proportion is about one-sixth. Our present subscription list of the Signs of the Times is slightly over 10,000, while fourteen years ago, with a much smaller membership, we sometimes printed 15,0.00 copies weekly. The Life and Health list now stands at about 9,500, as against editions of 20,000 a few years ago. Evidently there is room for great improvement in the distribution of our periodicals.

During the year we have printed 3,235,069 periodicals, as follows : Signs of the Times 2,397,242 Signs Extra 418,950 Outlook 90,296 Life and Health 280,068 War on Drink 48,513

Financial Aspects Our present total investment is £44,810 as compared with £29,595 four years ago. Our interest-bearing-debt is now £24,000, as against £12,315 in 1914. Our interest payments this year have been £862, while in 1914 they were but £374. Our real estate is now valued at £7,773, as against £5,005 in 1914. Our Stock of material, unprinted, partly manufactured, and completed, stands now at £19,047 compared with £11,968 in 1914. Our stock of completed books is now worth £8,397, £1,492 more than in 1914. These latter figures indicate that it will be unsafe to manufacture books during the coming year as rapidly as we have been doing, which will cause lighter work and short time in "our factory unless the sales of our smaller literature are correspondingly increased. Indeed, with our present large stock of books,-enough in the aggregate to supply the needs of the field for about eighteen months--we could close our bindery for six months and materially reduce our staff otherwise, without serious inconvenience. Our profit for the year is mainly due the large number of books we have manufactured during the term and the consequent £1,000 increase in inventory. Unfortunately, however, the demand not being equal to the increased supply, and binding material being far too scarce and expensive to put into books unless they are urgently required, we will be compelled, as stated, to decrease our bindery output very materially and operate on Our existing stocks. This condition, and the fact that wages have been further increased since the close of our financial year, Will probably result in a debit balance this year unless there is a large increase in the demand for the smaller literature. Our net gains during the last four years have been as follows: 1915, £1,269; 1916, £92; 1917, £667; 1918, £1,131. It will be noticed that the last year's gain represents a profit of only two and one half per cent on our total investment. This, of course, is not a good business proposition, as money is worth much more than two and one-half per cent. As a mater of fact the publishing work is now being conducted on purely missionary basis. In view of these facts, you will readily understand that any further increases in prices of labour or material must necessitate corresponding advances in the retail prices of our publications. The present margin of profit is too close for safety, and we must earnestly endeavour in the future to decrease our investment by reducing our great stock of manufactured books, and largely increasing our turnover along other lines. We have shipped out about 500 tons of literature during the past four years, or at the rate of about two and a half tons per week, but we could double this output without largely increasing our staff or equipment. - W. H. B. MILLER, Manager

1918 Notes from the Publishing House 

Australasian Record, 14/1/1918

WE wish all of our brethren and sisters everywhere a New Year's greeting. Some day, and it seems to us that that day is not far distant, the labourers here in the publishing house will all have worked at their machines, their benches, their desks, for the last time; for soon the work of the Lord will be finished. It is a very solemn yet a very happy thought; and it is fitting that at this, the close of another year, we should think of the final closing up of gospel service for men. God has established various agencies through which this gospel message is to be given and finished, but " if there is one work more important than another it is that of getting our publications into the hands of the people." Even our enemies acknowledge this. This is what one says : Many suppose that Seventh-day Adventists is a small affair, soon to pass away. This is a great mistake. They are increasing each year. More than this, they are laying the foundations for a wide and lasting work. They are here to say, and to become more aggressive as the time goes on. The growth of the publishing work has truly been marvellous. Sixty-two years ago there was but one publishing house and that a small wooden building, 30 feet by 20 feet, with just a handful of workers, and these felt it necessary to donate one half of even their small wages to advance the work. To-day we have about forty publishing houses, many larger than this institution at Warburton, yet even here in only one out of the forty houses literature is being sent out at the rate of one hundredweight per factory hour. Think of it! nearly two and one half tons per week, ten tons per month, one hundred and twenty tons per year! As we look out into the field we see God's providence manifested in the taking of orders for the books. Along the way, droughts, floods, storms, strikes, etc., have been met, yet steadily the orders increase month by month, year by year, till now orders are taken in Australasia per year to the value of nearly £28,000. God's providence has also been manifested in the fulfilling of orders. In spite of curtailed sailings and consequent rush for cargo space, our consignments have usually found their place on the steamers required, and have regularly and safely gone forward to their destination. Once in a while some difficulties have been experienced, yet no delays of a serious nature have occurred, nor have any losses of consignments been experienced, for which we thank God. Since the commencement of the war the. question of obtaining supplies of raw materials has been a most serious one, but we are thankful to say that although we are now into the fourth year of this awful conflict, we have ample supplies of paper, etc., for the whole of 1918. Not a single sheet of paper has been lost on the seas, although steamers carrying our supplies have been fired upon by submarines at short distances. Then in addition we have had to contend with shipping difficulties in the matter of reduced accommodation for our publications and increased freights and insurance. The last great industrial crisis through which we have passed recently would have meant running short time if we had not been located in the country, which is an evidence that we are just where the Lord would have us. This is also indicated by the fact that the retail value of subscription and trade books and tracts sent out from Warburton for the year ending June 30, 1917, is the largest on record since the commencement of the work in Australia. Dear brethren and sisters everywhere, will you not heartily co-operate with us in this closing-up phase of. our great work, and determine with the new year to reconsecrate your service and your hearts. These pages of truth must now be "scattered like the leaves of Autumn." Now we must go out into the highways and byways with the compelling message of God. The years are speeding by and eternity is quickly approaching. The Lord is still calling upon every Seventh-Day Adventist to " Go Forward" and finish the work without delay. Shall we not, brethren sisters, obey the call, which will carry us through in a very short time to our glorious promised land. -W. H. B. Miller.

Australasian Record, 25/2/1918

THE publishing house at Warburton is at present sending out, on an average, over two tons of literature weekly. The two new medical books, "Ladies' Handbook" and "Children's Diseases," are having a very large sale. The autumn number of Life and Health is just ready for distribution. We are developing aggressive plans in connection with this good magazine. We hope to receive the active co-operation of all. A prospectus for the next twelve months will be issued shortly. The average monthly output of our bindery is over 2,500 large books and 4,000 helps. We are just about to publish two new tracts; one on the Jewish question, dealing with the matter from the present political standpoint, reprinted from a recent number of the Review and Herald, and the other from the pen of Pastor Sharp entitled, " The Seal of God and Mark of the Beast." Both of these tracts will be welcomed by our workers. Splendid reports have been received from Pastor Meyers regarding advance Home Mission moves in New Zealand. The South Australian subscription book summary for Sanuary just received totals nearly £600-a record for that state. Four of our employees have sold in the surrounding towns and districts about 300 copies of "Beyond Death's Barriers." . The new Home Mission workers' outfit is being received most enthusiastically by our churches. The case holds six of our small publications, such as " World War," "Crisis," etc., and although worth 15s. each, being made of full leather, it is given free if six dozen books are purchased or sold. Hundreds of our church workers should be using this case in the " Finish the Work Campaign." We are just abotit to publish a series of four new purity books by Miss Ina L Austin. They are entitled " How Alyce Was Told at Six," "What Alyce Learnt at Nine," " Alyce on the Threshold," and " Alyce in the Country of Teens." These, with "Almost a Man" and " Almost a Woman" will complete a most valuable series on this important question. Four issues of four-page Signs Extras Will be printed during the coming year, on real live, present truth subjects. We are offering to mail twelve copies of each issue (forty-eight copies in all), to Commonwealth and New-Zealand addresses for 2s. 6d. Orders have already been received for thousands of copies. These little papers should be scattered " like the leaves of autumn." The sale of "World War." is increasing every week. This is one of the best little books ever published. Over 30,000 copies of the last Outlook have been sold. We are just about to commence work on a new number entitled " The Other Side of Death." We have an immense stock of paper sufficient for eighteen months supply of our literature, and have just ordered an additional thousand reams, which will keep us going till the beginning of 1920. -W. H. B. Miller

Australasian Record, 22/4/1918

WE are as busy as ever. During the last four days we have sent out twenty large eases of literature, and two orders alone last week totalled two and a half tons. Good book reports from all over the field. This year promises to show the largest literature sales in our experience. Every branch reveals an increase. Life and Health circulation is gradually increasing and prospects are improving. The next six numbers will be " Specials," the matter having seen most carefully planned with a view to increasing the demand for this valuable magazine, and stimulating the interest of our workers everywhere. The Winter Number (May June) is the first of these Specials, and is now on the press. There 'has been" such a large demand for the new "Ladies' Hand Book" that we have been compelled to stop its circulation temporarily. We are shipping large numbers of small books. During March over six thousand copies have been sent away to our various societies, including over a thousand " World War." For the lash six months of 1917 the total shipments of these helps were 14,690, an average of 2,448 per month. Do you notice the increase ? You should see the piles of books going through our bindery ! During the month we have been able to secure about £2,500 worth of paper at a most reasonable price compared with local quotations. We feared, that we were going to run short of cloth for bookbinding, but have just received the invoice for a splendid shipment arriving from England. Another evidence of God's care for His work ! Some other valuable supplies for our marbling and binding are just arriving from England. We now have a good stock of gold leaf the gold stamping and gilding of our books. A large unexpected parcel arrived from England. These English goods are practically unobtainable in the "Commonwealth. But they reach us all right. Can you explain why ? The writer had the pleasure of visiting the South Australian camp-meeting. Every proposition presented, for increased circulation of our literature was enthusiastically received and, supported. A large number of Home Mission outfits-and special Signs. were ordered. We are just about "to commence work on the first four-page Signs Extra. We are planning for four issues of these Specials. The subject of the first will be " Great World Problems of Today." We will print a large edition. We expect a big demand from all over the field for this cheap literature. If you will send twelve names of your friends to your tract society, and 2s. 6d. cash, we will mail to each of these persons, direct from this office, a copy of each special number as soon as published. (Forty-eight copies in all, printed, addressed, wrapped, and posted for 2s. 6d.) Forty thousand copies of these Extras have already been ordered and paid for, and names are streaming in by the thousands Every person should have a part in "this great forward move. If you send in your names during the next two weeks you will be in time for the first issue. Don't forget to inquire from your tract society about our special offer to workers with our small books-a free full leather case (worth 25s.) with six dozen books. We could mention many other items of interest if we had room. Best of all! Christ is soon coming. Evidences are thickening everywhere. So this month we are able to sing to you a real anthem of blessings, without a minor chord. "Praise God from whom all blessings flow!"-W.H.B. MILLER, Manager.

Australasian Record, 17/6/1918

WE have shipped out literature during the past month at the rate of about a hundredweight each working hour. There has been a marked improvement in interstate shipping. Very few delays have been experienced of late. New Zealand shipping is still bad. But we have placed a large reserve stock of books in that field, so there has been no inconvenience with deliveries so far. Over twelve thousand copies of " World War " have now been sold. We must print another edition immediately. This is a splendid little soul-saver. The Company is uniting with the Warburton Church in the Ingathering campaign. We are praying for 'big results. The first Signs Extra has passed the censor, and it is now on the press. "Great World Problems of To-day" is the title. It is written in a forceful, convincing way and should be a powerful weapon in the hands of our people. Brethren, come up to the help of the Lord against the mighty! We have sent to our pressroom orders for 60,000 copies! We have confidence that you will call for every single one. Remember the offer, and order your set or sets for us to mall to your friends, at 2s, 6d. per set (forty-eight copies), and don't forget to order promptly your bulk orders-3s. 9d. per hundred. Let us scatter this cheap literature " like the leaves of autumn." . Over 4,000 small books have been sold during the last month, many of them in the new Home Workers' Outfits. Ask your tract society about these, and join in the ranks of our busy workers. We have just printed 60,000 "Second Coming of Christ" Signs leaflet. Have sold about 30,000 during the last few months. Many are using these splendid little "truth spreaders" in their correspondence. Just the right size for an ordinary envelope. Send 1s. 8d. to your tract society at once for one hundred copies. This price includes postage. Every Seventh-day Adventist should keep a few of them in his pocket. I wish you could hear the "hammering" in our carpenter's shop. It is music to our ears, for it means packing cases and still more packing oases for our large book shipments. One of the railway officials said the other day, "Wherever do all these goods of yours come from and go to?" Our summaries for April total about £2,500-almost a record month. The way to sound the message "Behold the Bridegroom cometh" and to "go out and meet Him" is to labour with our might and main to finish His work. Brethren, we are reaching the crisis in this great war of ours. The Publishing House stands ready to double and treble the supplies of "ammunition" as soon as our great army of workers say the word. God is calling for volunteers. Enlist today. -W.H.B. MILLER. Manager

Factory Visitation Report

O. A. OLSEN, Union Conference Record, 6/8/1906

Leaving Sydney on the evening of July 4, I arrived at Melbourne the next day at noon, and at Warburton on Friday noon. Quite a change has taken place since my last visit. At that time the factory was just being enclosed and our brethren were beginning to build. At the present time the factory is complete, the machinery all in place, and the work in full swing, and all the hands very busy. On the hillside I counted fifteen houses and cottages, the homes of the workers in the factory. I also noticed that all were greatly pleased with the change from the city into the country, and like their new location very much. Not one of them has any desire to move back to the city. The location is a very advantageous one in many ways. The securing of water power with which to run the machinery is a very valuable achievement. This not only furnishes power for the factory, but also water for the homes and electricity for lighting. We thus found the homes provided with water and electric lighting as fully as in a well advanced city. These are rare conveniences for new settlers in the country. During my stay we had interesting meetings on the Sabbath, and also each day with the workers in the factory. The Sabbath-school now numbers sixty, and there seems to be a good interest on the part of all. The church is also organizing an active missionary effort. This is as it should be. The factory is full of work, and best of all, there is no commercial work done, as the whole factory is devoted to the producing of literature containing the last, and closing gospel message to the world. In locating the publishing work at Warburton, we have endeavoured to follow the counsel given us by the Lord to move out from the cities and locate in the country. The general outlook for the work is very favourable indeed. May the special blessing of the Lord be over this work in a marked manner, and may this institution be a mighty factor in this closing time in the matter of bringing the truth to the thousands and millions of our Australasian field. Let our people remember this institution, with its work and workers, in their earnest prayers, that the guiding hand of the Lord may be seen in its outworking. -O. A. OLSEN.

Victorian Session Report

Union Conference Record, 19/3/1906

THE eighteenth annual session of the Victorian Conference, was held at the Camberwell camp-meeting, from February 15 to 25 . Eight meetings were held.

One meeting was given to the consideration of the removal of the publishing house to Warburton. After the plans had been laid before the Conference, pledges were handed in to the value of £40 19s 6d. Later this was increased by £22 I2s 6d. The following recommendation was adopted in connection with this effort : That this Conference give its hearty support to the Union Conference in its efforts to raise £3,500 to establish the work of the Signs Association at Warburton, and that we raise in this State a sum to the amount of at least £1 per member, and that if necessary we carry this effort to our various churches till the amount necessary is subscribed. . .

. . . Tracts to the number of 4,123, or 46,892 pages, had been distributed, 7,196 Signs of the Times, 1,517 Australasian Good Healths, 65 pamphlets and books sent away, and some health foods given to the poor. The wholesale value of literature used for missionary work for the year was £39. Twenty-five Braille tracts had been prepared, three of each. The total number of tracts now in use is seventy-five. Number of reader's on the list to June 30, sixty-five. There are 1,300 blind people in Victoria, of whom only fifty are being reached by our tracts. There are 5,000 blind in Australia: Interesting items were given with regard to the work that has been done by the church tract societies in distributing literature. . .

. . . It had been a prosperous year with them, and though their expenses had been increased by the addition of the rates and taxes, previously paid by the landlord, they had paid their way, and made a good many improvements and additions to the plant.

Five new churches were admitted into the Conference : Moonee Ponds, Stawell, South Melbourne, Bunyip, and Warburton. The last is composed of members from other churches who have moved to Warburton to connect with the Signs Association. The others are largely the results of work done between last camp and the present one.

Our New Publishing House

Union Conference Record, 1/2/1906

WE believe the readers of the RECORD will be interested to learn of the progress of the work at Warburton. The past four months have been busy ones, as the erection of a large factory and installing of a water plant are no small undertakings. We are pleased to say, however, that the work is nearing completion. By the time these lines are read, the large reservoir holding about 55,000 gallons of water will be finished. The water is to be conducted through 3,600 feet of nine-inch stoneware pipes from two creeks to this reservoir. From there it will flow in pressure pipes to the factory below. There are 942 feet of nine-inch, 576 feet of eight-inch, and 576 feet of seven-inch steel pipes. Near the water-wheel the pipe is further reduced in size to four inches; then it comes out of a one and one-half inch nozzle on to the wheel. Through this 2,094 feet of pipe, the water falls 324 feet. Allowing a loss of fourteen feet for friction, we obtain 310 feet of effective head or fall of water. This will give us about thirty-five horse power in summer, while in winter, when more water is available and more power required for lighting, we can obtain up to fifty horse power. This should meet all present and future requirements. Our dynamo and electrical heating appliances have just landed. Tenders will be called immediately for the wiring of the building. By the time this is done, the building will be completed, and then we will commence moving our machinery and fixtures from North Fitzroy to the new factory. This plant at Warburton will be the most modern and complete for its purpose south of the equator. We trust the light will shine forth from this small country place, heretofore but little known to the people of Australia, until it lights every city and hamlet in this vast continent. The employees have begun the erection of their homes. During the next few weeks the side of the mountain back of the factory will present quite an altered appearance, as a number of houses will be in course of construction. The site of our factory is 610 feet above sea level. In front of the factory the mountains rise to nearly 2,000 feet, while at the back their majestic heads, which in winter are sometimes covered with snow, tower up some 3,000 feet. Some of the most beautiful scenery in Victoria is to be found about Warburton, and it is becoming a very prominent pleasure and holiday resort. We have found the climate here this summer ideal. While we have shared the hot weather with other parts of the State, at no time has the heat been oppressive or the nights too uncomfortable for sleeping. Very seldom do we feel the effects of the hot north winds. Although we have had but one or two good rains during the past two months, still the country does not show that burnt-up appearance that will be seen in some other places at this time of the year, as we get a dew at night which keeps the hills green. In fact, this is the first summer the writer has fully enjoyed during his thirteen years residence in this country. We have received a number of letters from friends and others, to which we have not been able to reply, principally for lack of time. Although working from daylight until after dark, the days are too short to accomplish all we desire, and we ask our correspondents to be patient until our workers are located here, when we will have the facilities and time for writing. We take this opportunity of conveying our heartiest thanks to those who have so liberally donated of their time and means to help forward this work. -W.D. SALISBURY. Warburton, January 24, 1906.

Recommendation of Warburton Plant

Union Conference Record, 1/4/1905

THE fifth annual session of the South Australian Conference was held in connection with the Gawler camp-meeting, March 3-10, 1905. Pastor Woodford, President of the Conference, occupied the chair. The Committee on Plans and Recommendations presented the following report, which was adopted :

(Recommendation 12 shown only)

12. That this Conference adopt the recommendation of the Union Conference for the reorganisation of our publishing work, and that we co-operate heartily in the plan for raising the sum of £3,000 for establishing the new plant at Warburton, by each member of this Conference contributing at least to the amount of one pound to that fund.

After Brethren J. Johanson and N. D. Faulkhead had spoken at length regarding the last-named recommendation, the brethren assembled in conference showed their sympathy in the movement by pledging £I74 19s. . . .-W. Woodford, President. A. H. Rogers, Secretary.